AMLA or (Emblica officinalis)
Also called Amala and Amalaki
Ayurveda's most popular fruit is also one of its most effective. Literally every part of the Amla tree is used in Ayurveda. Dried fruit is sour and astringent. Flowers are cooling and aperient. Bark is astringent. The herb is also aphrodisiac, hemostatic, nutritive tonic, rejuvenative (for Pitta).
Amla increases red blood cell count. It is one of the highest natural source of Vitamin C (3,000 mg per fruit)
Amla fruit paste is a major ingredient of Chavyanprash, a popular Ayurvedic tonic. Amla is known as amritphala in Sanskrit, which literally means 'the fruit of heaven' or 'nectar fruit.' It is so called because it is rich in many desirable properties.
It was described in a 7th century Ayurvedic medical text. According to several scholars, the sage Chyawan is reputed to have restored his vitality with this fruit.
Specific uses of Amla in Ayurveda
a. Root Bark : The root bark is astringent and is useful in stomach ulcers.
b. Bark : The bark is useful in gonorrhea, jaundice and diarrhea.
c. Leaves : The leaves are useful in curing conjunctivtis , inflammation, indigestion, diarrhea and dysentery.
d. Fruits : The fruits are sour, astringent, bitter, sweet, cooling, digestive, laxative, anti pyretic, diuretic and tonic. Amla fruit aids digestion, cures flatulence, helps correct body functions and metabolism.
In treatment of illness, Amla is widely used in Ayurveda. Found in medicines for diabetes, cough, asthma, bronchitis, headaches, colic, hyperacidity, peptic ulcers, skin diseases, inflammations, anemia, jaundice, dysentery, diarrhoea, cardiac disorders, intermittent fevers.
It is also very good tonic for the hair and is used to correct greyness of hair and finds extensive usage in hair oils.